Verma Driving School-In-class study topic.

Our 20 hours class room sessions cover following topics in details. We use various case scaniors, real life traffic incident, games, puzzles, driver education videos and many more activities to teach driver education to our students. All our instuctors are licenced to teach by MTO and experinced to provide driver training. We use "Ontario's Driver Education Curriculum" which is one of latest driver education curriculum in Ontario.

 

Our students learn in class room:-

 

Traffic laws & regulations

 

Reasons for Traffic laws & regulations

  • Current road safety issues, Speed, Impaired driving, Distracted Driving, Emergency vehicles, Licensing Requirements, Vehicle Insurance

 

Awareness that traffic laws and regulations may differ in other jurisdictions and for other vehicles

 

Traffic control devices

  • Signs, Signals, Markings

 

Safe & proper use of Basic vehicle components

  • control devices, instruments and warning indicators, Devices that aid visibility, safety  devices, comfort devices, anti-theft devices, communication devices

 

Pre-trip checks

  • External checks, Internal checks

 

Controlling the vehicle safely and responsibly

  • Vehicle control, visual tracking, steering control, seating position, starting and accelerating, speed control, deceleration and braking brake, parking, changing direction, turns, highway and freeway driving, urban and rural driving, right-of-way manoeuvres

 

Traction

  • time management, space management, stopping distances, braking distances, following too closely

 

Friction

  • speed for conditions, affect of road surfaces on stopping, seasonal changes and road surfaces

 

Benefits of proper tire inflation

 

Collision avoidance and basic evasive manoeuvres

 

Principles of skid control and slide control

 

Adjusting driving behaviour for different driving conditions

 

Control over emotions

  • potential effects on driver decision-making, recognizing internal cues and control responses

 

Types of impairment

  • drug, alcohol, fatigue, drowsy driving, illness, medication, mental stress, combination of multiple impairments

 

Effects of impairment

  • impaired judgment, lack of attention/alertness

 

Myths and facts related to impairment

 

Consequences of impaired driving

  • personal and social consequences, legal and economic consequences

 

Distracted driving

  • distractions inside the vehicle, distractions outside the vehicle

 

Managing attention

  • switching attention, divided attention, focused attention, sustained attention

 

Perception & Risk Management

 

What and where to observe and when

  • 360 degree vision, distance scanning, peripheral vision, blind spots, visual obstructions, limits of observation

 

How to observe

  • active attention, shoulder checks, peripheral vision, mirrors

 

Visual search and scanning to detect potential hazards

  • distinguish hazards from typical occurrences, scanning patterns under all conditions, detecting potential path deviations

 

Different types of drivers

 

Dangerous driving

  • aggressive driving, street racing, personal and social consequences, legal and economic consequences

 

Personal risk-tolerance

  • caution versus risk, judging risk in various situations, role of overconfidence and under-confidence in inaccurate risk-perception, risk-aversion in personal value system, develop rational personal risk preferences

 

Accurate risk-perception

  • quick and effective reaction times, proactive versus reactive driving action, expectations of other road-users, consequences of not doing what other road-users expect, Safe time margins

 

Factors that affect driver risk-perception

  • driver age, driver experience, driving environment, mental factors, physical factors, role of self-control, need for peer approval, perception of other drivers, impairment

 

Common collision factors for beginner drivers

  • inappropriate speed, risk tolerance, risk perception, inappropriate risk-taking, driver skill, driver experience, peer pressure, overconfidence, hazardous driving conditions, poor attention management, not looking for hazards, inability to recognize hazards, distracted driving, dangerous driving, impaired driving

 

Common collision situations

 

Potential hazards of driving and effective responses

  • vehicle malfunctions, weather/environmental conditions, road conditions, vehicle conditions, distractions inside the vehicle, distractions outside the vehicle, other road-users, unpredictable driving, behaviour,driving error resulting in danger to self and to other road-users

 

Hazard perception, decision-making, and judgment

 

Using decision-making skills to drive safely

  • evaluate whether or not to drive, anticipate what might happen, predict possible solutions, prioritize situations and solutions, make appropriate choices under pressure, identify consequences, make multiple decisions quickly, develop a hierarchy of responses to various situations and alternative responses

 

Effects of impairment on decision-making skills

Post-incident decision-making to ensure personal safety

Driving actions to minimize risk

 

Personal factors and influence

personal driving values and beliefs

  • motives that influence driving, how motives change under different circumstances, how values, beliefs, and motives influence attitudes toward driving

 

Social factors and influence

  • influence of advertising, societal attitudes towards cars and driving, influence of other people’s driving habits, peer pressure and driving

 

Resisting negative pressures

  • personal value of resisting negative pressures, resist negative informal pressures, Resist negative media and commercial pressures, entertainment media use of driving imagery

 

Positive driving attitudes

  • driving is a privilege not a right, overcoming negative motives, driving courteously, cooperative driving

 

Impact of driver behaviour on other road-users

 

 

Decision-making

  • how formal rules of the road, common safe practices of road-users, and informed decision-making contribute to safe and responsible driving, approaches to decision-making, importance of good decision-making, consequences of poor decision-making

 

Respect & Responsibility                                                                                                   

Responding to emergency situations

  • minor or major motor vehicle collision, arriving at the scene of a collision, being stopped by a police officer, passing an emergency vehicle, being passed by an emergency vehicle, vehicle malfunctions

 

Being a safe, respectful, and responsible driver

  • being a leader in safety restraint use and promote it in others, being fit to drive and promote it in others, being caring and empathetic towards other road-users

 

Conflict avoidance regardless of fault

  • respecting other road-users’ safety margins, avoiding road rage in yourself and others

 

Environmentally conscious and efficient driving behaviour

  • fuel efficiency, mandatory emissions testing, proper disposal of cars, fluids, batteries, and tires, littering, planning safer and more efficient activities and routes, economic benefits of driving efficiently

 

 

The driver as a lifelong learner

 

Factors that contribute to changes in driving skill

  • changing motor vehicle technology, changing driving standards, laws, and regulation, the aging driving population

 

Sharing the Road                                                                                                                     

Cooperative driving

  • sharing the road in a safe and considerate manner, respecting other road-users, understanding other road-users’ needs, passing safely, space management,benefits of cooperative and courteous driving

 

Communicating effectively with other road-users

 

Habits and attitudes related to effective communication

  • consistently communicate driving intentionl, adjusting communication based on observation of the driving environment and other road-users

 

 

 

 

 

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