Verma Driving School-In-class study topic.

Our 20 hours class room sessions cover following topics in details. We use various case scaniors, real life traffic incident, games, puzzles, driver education videos and many more activities to teach driver education to our students. All our instuctors are licenced to teach by MTO and experinced to provide driver training. We use "Ontario's Driver Education Curriculum" which is one of latest driver education curriculum in Ontario.


Our students learn in class room:-


Traffic laws & regulations


Reasons for Traffic laws & regulations

  • Current road safety issues, Speed, Impaired driving, Distracted Driving, Emergency vehicles, Licensing Requirements, Vehicle Insurance


Awareness that traffic laws and regulations may differ in other jurisdictions and for other vehicles


Traffic control devices

  • Signs, Signals, Markings


Safe & proper use of Basic vehicle components

  • control devices, instruments and warning indicators, Devices that aid visibility, safety  devices, comfort devices, anti-theft devices, communication devices


Pre-trip checks

  • External checks, Internal checks


Controlling the vehicle safely and responsibly

  • Vehicle control, visual tracking, steering control, seating position, starting and accelerating, speed control, deceleration and braking brake, parking, changing direction, turns, highway and freeway driving, urban and rural driving, right-of-way manoeuvres



  • time management, space management, stopping distances, braking distances, following too closely



  • speed for conditions, affect of road surfaces on stopping, seasonal changes and road surfaces


Benefits of proper tire inflation


Collision avoidance and basic evasive manoeuvres


Principles of skid control and slide control


Adjusting driving behaviour for different driving conditions


Control over emotions

  • potential effects on driver decision-making, recognizing internal cues and control responses


Types of impairment

  • drug, alcohol, fatigue, drowsy driving, illness, medication, mental stress, combination of multiple impairments


Effects of impairment

  • impaired judgment, lack of attention/alertness


Myths and facts related to impairment


Consequences of impaired driving

  • personal and social consequences, legal and economic consequences


Distracted driving

  • distractions inside the vehicle, distractions outside the vehicle


Managing attention

  • switching attention, divided attention, focused attention, sustained attention


Perception & Risk Management


What and where to observe and when

  • 360 degree vision, distance scanning, peripheral vision, blind spots, visual obstructions, limits of observation


How to observe

  • active attention, shoulder checks, peripheral vision, mirrors


Visual search and scanning to detect potential hazards

  • distinguish hazards from typical occurrences, scanning patterns under all conditions, detecting potential path deviations


Different types of drivers


Dangerous driving

  • aggressive driving, street racing, personal and social consequences, legal and economic consequences


Personal risk-tolerance

  • caution versus risk, judging risk in various situations, role of overconfidence and under-confidence in inaccurate risk-perception, risk-aversion in personal value system, develop rational personal risk preferences


Accurate risk-perception

  • quick and effective reaction times, proactive versus reactive driving action, expectations of other road-users, consequences of not doing what other road-users expect, Safe time margins


Factors that affect driver risk-perception

  • driver age, driver experience, driving environment, mental factors, physical factors, role of self-control, need for peer approval, perception of other drivers, impairment


Common collision factors for beginner drivers

  • inappropriate speed, risk tolerance, risk perception, inappropriate risk-taking, driver skill, driver experience, peer pressure, overconfidence, hazardous driving conditions, poor attention management, not looking for hazards, inability to recognize hazards, distracted driving, dangerous driving, impaired driving


Common collision situations


Potential hazards of driving and effective responses

  • vehicle malfunctions, weather/environmental conditions, road conditions, vehicle conditions, distractions inside the vehicle, distractions outside the vehicle, other road-users, unpredictable driving, behaviour,driving error resulting in danger to self and to other road-users


Hazard perception, decision-making, and judgment


Using decision-making skills to drive safely

  • evaluate whether or not to drive, anticipate what might happen, predict possible solutions, prioritize situations and solutions, make appropriate choices under pressure, identify consequences, make multiple decisions quickly, develop a hierarchy of responses to various situations and alternative responses


Effects of impairment on decision-making skills

Post-incident decision-making to ensure personal safety

Driving actions to minimize risk


Personal factors and influence

personal driving values and beliefs

  • motives that influence driving, how motives change under different circumstances, how values, beliefs, and motives influence attitudes toward driving


Social factors and influence

  • influence of advertising, societal attitudes towards cars and driving, influence of other people’s driving habits, peer pressure and driving


Resisting negative pressures

  • personal value of resisting negative pressures, resist negative informal pressures, Resist negative media and commercial pressures, entertainment media use of driving imagery


Positive driving attitudes

  • driving is a privilege not a right, overcoming negative motives, driving courteously, cooperative driving


Impact of driver behaviour on other road-users




  • how formal rules of the road, common safe practices of road-users, and informed decision-making contribute to safe and responsible driving, approaches to decision-making, importance of good decision-making, consequences of poor decision-making


Respect & Responsibility                                                                                                   

Responding to emergency situations

  • minor or major motor vehicle collision, arriving at the scene of a collision, being stopped by a police officer, passing an emergency vehicle, being passed by an emergency vehicle, vehicle malfunctions


Being a safe, respectful, and responsible driver

  • being a leader in safety restraint use and promote it in others, being fit to drive and promote it in others, being caring and empathetic towards other road-users


Conflict avoidance regardless of fault

  • respecting other road-users’ safety margins, avoiding road rage in yourself and others


Environmentally conscious and efficient driving behaviour

  • fuel efficiency, mandatory emissions testing, proper disposal of cars, fluids, batteries, and tires, littering, planning safer and more efficient activities and routes, economic benefits of driving efficiently



The driver as a lifelong learner


Factors that contribute to changes in driving skill

  • changing motor vehicle technology, changing driving standards, laws, and regulation, the aging driving population


Sharing the Road                                                                                                                     

Cooperative driving

  • sharing the road in a safe and considerate manner, respecting other road-users, understanding other road-users’ needs, passing safely, space management,benefits of cooperative and courteous driving


Communicating effectively with other road-users


Habits and attitudes related to effective communication

  • consistently communicate driving intentionl, adjusting communication based on observation of the driving environment and other road-users